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中世纪大学学生资助制度研究
On the Student Financial Aid Policy of Mediaeval Universities
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  贫困线;取证制度;资助形式;
英文关键词:Income ceilings; evidence collection system; forms of financial aid;
基金项目:2016年度江西省教育科学“十三五”规划课题“中世纪学生型大学教学质量监控制度研究——基于学生权力的视角”,项目编号:16YB153。
作者单位
杨 蕾 华南师范大学 教育科学学院, 广东 广州 
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中文摘要:
      中世纪大学贫困线大约相当于当地中级职工的收入水平,与大学最低消费持平。大学设置了奖、助、贷、勤、减、补等多样化的资助形式,并通过誓言、调查、担保人、财政审核和书面证明等手段确认贫困生身份,鼓励贫困生以学业成就、实际工作乃至人际交往竞争优质资助。尽管中世纪学生资助制度仍存在“差异规则”,但其社会化的资助目的、精准的认定形式、灵活的管理方式、卓越的资助导向,在一定程度上扩大了贫困生的受教育机会,促进了教育公平。
英文摘要:
      The income ceilings of medieval universities roughly equal to the university's minimum consumption, which was at the same level as the income of a local middle-level worker. By means of oaths, surveys, guarantors, financial auditors and written proofs, the university verified the status of poor students and encouraged them to competed the scholarship, sponsorship, loan, work-study program, exemption of tuition fee, allowance and so on, by means of academic achievement, practical work and even social relationship. Although the medieval student financial aid system operated under the rule of “difference”, with its socialized purpose, precise form of identification, flexible in management, excellent in orientation, it expanded the education opportunities for poor students and facilitate the educational equality.
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